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Breaking Chains

Slavery on Trial in the Oregon Territory
Nokes, R. Gregory (Book - 2013)
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Breaking Chains
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When they were brought to Oregon in 1844, Missouri slaves Robin and Polly Holmes and their children were promised freedom in exchange for helping develop their owner's Willamette Valley farm. However, Nathaniel Ford, an influential settler and legislator, kept them in bondage until 1850, even then refusing to free their children. Holmes took his former master to court and, in the face of enormous odds, won the case in 1853. In Breaking Chains , R. Gregory Nokes tells the story of the only slavery case adjudicated in Oregon's pre-Civil War courts--Holmes v. Ford. Through the lens of this landmark case, Nokes explores the historical context of racism in Oregon and the West, reminding readers that there actually were slaves in Oregon, though relatively few in number. Drawing on the court record, Nokes offers an intimate account of the relationship between a slave and his master from the slave's point of view. He also explores the experiences of other slaves in early Oregon, examining attitudes toward race and revealing contradictions in the state's history. Oregon was the only free state admitted to the union with a voter-approved constitutional clause banning African Americans and, despite the prohibition of slavery in the state, many in Oregon tolerated it and supported politicians who advocated for slavery, including Oregon's first territorial governor. Breaking Chains sheds light on a somber part of Oregon's history, bringing the story of slavery in Oregon to a broader audience. The book will appeal to readers interested in Pacific Northwest history and in the history of slavery in the United States.
Authors: Nokes, R. Gregory
Title: Breaking chains
slavery on trial in the Oregon Territory
Publisher: Corvallis, OR : Oregon State University Press, c2013
Characteristics: xvi, 224 p. :,ill. ;,23 cm
Statement of Responsibility: R. Gregory Nokes
Contents: First slaves
The good life in Missouri
Lure of Oregon
On the trail
Freedom delayed
Oregon's Dixie
Land and more land
The Applegate trail
Oregon's "lash law?"
The Cockstock affair
Gold miners and slaves
"My children held as slaves?"
Holmes vs Ford, day-by-day
Ford's secret strategy
Enter Judge Williams
Reuben Shipley
They weren't alone
An army slave
The free state letter
Let voters decide
The great slavery non-debate
Oregon for whites
Voters do decide
A voice for equality
Reuben and Mary Jane
Who was Reuben Ficklin
Mary Jane's final trial
Slaveholders' last stand
Moving on
ISBN: 9780870717123
Branch Call Number: 342.795 N785b 2013
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references (p. 209-214) and index
Subject Headings: Slavery Law and legislation Oregon Slaves Legal status, laws, etc. Oregon Slaveholders Legal status, laws, etc. Oregon Oregon Social conditions 19th century
Topical Term: Slavery
LCCN: 2012044623
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From Library Staff

Meet the author and join the discussion on March 5, 2015. The story of the only slavery case ever adjudicated in Oregon courts told against the background of the national controversy over slavery.

The story of the only slavery case adjudicated in Oregon's pre-Civil War courts, Holmes v. Ford -- told in the context of the history of racism in Oregon and the west.

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