Evidentiality

Evidentiality

eBook - 2004
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natural language grammar to future systematic enquiry. - The Year's Works in English Studies.
evidentials, by contrast, form a grammatical system. In the North Arawak language Tariana an expression such as "the dog bit the man" must be. augmented by a grammatical suffix indicating whether the event was seen, or heard, or assumed, or reported. This book provides the first exhaustive cross-linguistic typological study of how languages deal with the marking of information source. Examples are drawn from over 500 languages from all over the world, several of them based on the author's original fieldwork. Professor Aikhenvald also considers the role evidentiality plays in human cognition, and the ways in which evidentiality influences human perception of the world.. This is an important book on an intriguing subject. It will interest. anthropologists, cognitive psychologists and philosophers, as well as linguists. - ;...well written and well structured - Johan Van Der Auwera, Language vol. 84, No.1, 2008;...provides an excellent state of the art and a most interesting basis for further investigation - Johan Van Der Auwera, Language vol. 84, No.1, 2008;...is essential for anyone who wishes to study evidentiality in depth and crosslinguistically. It is hereby highly recommended - Johan Van Der Auwera,Language vol. 84, No.1, 2008;...marks a major advance in the study of evidentiality ... Aikenvald has opened the floor for discussion, and everyone with an interest in this area can only appreciate this. - Heiko Narrog, SKY journal of Linguistics;...a truly superb example of a cross-linguistic survey of a grammatical category... This book belongs in every linguistics library. - Edward J Vajda, Western Washington University;...an impressive typological survey of evidentiality systems in the world's languages... With its numerous carefully glossed example sentences and its various summarizing tables, Aikhenvald's book opens up a fascinating aspect of
Evidentiality is one of the most fascinating categories of human languages. In a number of languages, scattered across the world, every statement must contain a specification of the type of evidence on which it is based - whether the speaker saw it, or heard it, or inferred it from indirect evidence, or learnt it from somebody else. This is a very powerful device for human communication. Many people think that it would be a good thing if our politicians had to talk in this way. The book investigates a variety of other grammatical categories related to evidentiality, such as aspect and person. It will be of interest to any grammarian. It also discusses the cognitive and sociolinguistic consequences of evidentiality in a language. This will make it of interest to a wider audience, including psychologists and philosophers. - ;In some languages every statement must contain a specification of the type of evidence on which it is based: for example, whether the speaker saw it, or heard it, or inferred it from indirect evidence, or learnt it from someone else. This grammatical reference to information source is called 'evidentiality', and is one of the least described grammatical categories. Evidentiality systems differ in how complex they are: some distinguish just two terms (eyewitness and noneyewitness, or. reported and everything else), while others have six or even more terms. Evidentiality is a category in its own right, and not a subcategory of epistemic or some other modality, nor of tense-aspect. Every language has some way of referring to the source of information, but not every language has grammatical evidentiality. In English expressions such as I guess, they say, I hear that, the alleged are not obligatory and do not constitute a grammatical system. Similar expressions in other languages may provide historical sources for evidentials. True
Publisher: Oxford : Oxford University Press, UK, 2004
Copyright Date: ©2004
ISBN: 9780191532542
9780199263882
Branch Call Number: Electronic book
Characteristics: 1 online resource (481 pages)
Additional Contributors: ProQuest (Firm)

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