Building Disaster Recovery Institutions Through South-South Policy Transfer

Building Disaster Recovery Institutions Through South-South Policy Transfer

A Comparative Case Study of Indonesia and Haiti

eBook - 2014
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rationality and dissatisfaction with the status quo. Transferring policy is a cheap solution compared to conducting one's own research and devising one's own policies. However, actors rarely act rational and are influenced by a number of externalities including incomplete information or, moving towards the coercive side of the spectrum, powerful outside actors that can influence (national) policy. Dolowitz and Marsh (2000) argue that most policy transfers will lie somewhere in the middle of the continuum. They further remind us that the degree of coerciveness will largely depend on the actors involved and their motivations. Finally, the opportunity for coercive policy transfer is heightened by crisis situations. Particularly this last point is also emphasised by Jones et al. (2009) and Weyrauch and Langou (2011) and will be elaborated on in the next sub-section.
4.1, Policy Transfer as a Dependent Variable: Dolowitz and Marsh's policy transfer framework focuses on five processes of transfer: 1. What is transferred? Dolowitz and Marsh (2000) make a categorisation ranging from the transfer of ideas and attitudes, to the transfer policy goals and policy content, including negative lessons. As opposed to the frameworks by Weyrauch and Langou (2011) and Jones et al. (2009), Dolowitz and Marsh (2000) make a greater distinction between different aspects of policy (e.g. content and instruments) as well as policy and programmes. In line with the scope of this study and the radical nature of the IHCR in terms of lesson drawing, it is more relevant to use the broader interpretation of policy used by Weyrauch and Langou (2011: 7): Policy encompasses both decisions and processes, including the design, implementation and evaluation of the intervention. Policy is defined as a 'purposive course of action followed by an actor or set of actors' (Anderson, 1975, in Pollard & Court, 2005). This definition, of course, goes beyond documents or legislation, to include agenda setting, policy formulation, decision making, policy implementation and policy evaluation activities. Weyrauch and Langou (2011), focussing specifically on impact evaluations, identify 'what is transferred' as the level of policy influence, whilst the closely related 'degree of transfer' is characterised as the dimension of policy influence. 2. Why transfer? (Political Context) This question concerns itself with why policy makers decide to engage in a particular degree of transfer. Dolowitz and Marsh (2000) conceptualise this transfer as lying on a continuum, with voluntary lesson drawing at one end and coercive transfer at the other end. This continuum is based on the assumption that actors decide to draw lessons from other policies on the basis of
foreseeable future. The theoretical frameworks presented in this section will „seek to explain what causes and impacts on the process of transfer as well as how processes of policy transfer lead to particular policy outcomes" (Evans, 2009: 254). This implies viewing policy transfer as both dependent (conceptual framework) and independent (analytical framework) variables (Dolowitz & Marsh, 2000). This book employs the terms policy transfer, lesson drawing and emulation interchangeably. Dolowitz and Marsh (1996: 344) argue that „policy transfer, emulation and lesson drawing all refer to a process in which knowledge about policies, administrative arrangements, institutions etc. in one time and/or place is used in the development of policies, administrative arrangements, institutions in another time and/or place." In addition, policy transfer covers such „heterogeneous concepts, including policy diffusion, policy convergence, policy learning and lesson-drawing, under the umbrella heading of policy transfer." (Evans, 2009: 254). As policy learning falls under policy transfer in the Dolowitz and Marsh (2000) framework, it allows for complementation by the Weyrauch & Langou (2011) and Jones et al. (2009) frameworks. The following two sub-sections will examine policy transfer as both a dependent and independent variable. The key policy transfer processes identified can be used both conceptually by viewing policy transfer as the dependent variable as well as analytically by viewing policy transfer as an independent variable and thereby addressing specific objective four. Using the integrated conceptual/analytical framework presented in this book, one of Yin's (2003) previously mentioned preconditions for case study research is fulfilled; predicting contrasting results for predictable reasons based on theory. This section addresses specific objective one.
Since the humanitarian response to the 1994 Rwanda genocide, there has been a growing body of literature on quality and accountability in humanitarian action. One of the most recent trends has been a focus on 'humanitarian cooperation' between the governments of disaster affected countries and other humanitarian actors. The research presented in this book builds on this trend by comparing two governmental recovery agencies, namely the Interim Haiti Recovery Commission (IHRC) and the Aceh Nias Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Agency (BRR). Through a review of the literature on policy transfer, the creation of an integrated conceptual/analytical framework for policy transfer and the application of Lijphart's 'comparative method', the research attempts to identify both whether or not policy transfer occurred between the two contexts, as well as the possible causes for the difference in both agencies' ability to 'build back better'. The outcomes of the research are then used to suggest possible areas of future research and related hypotheses.   Auszug aus dem Text Text Sample: Chapter 4, Policy Transfer: a Conceptual/Analytical Framework: A comparison of the BRR and IHRC would be incomplete without first looking at some of the existing frameworks on policy transfer and the use of knowledge in informing policy frequently used in the fields of comparative politics and development studies (Dolowitz & Marsh, 2000). It is particularly relevant, as the mission and the mandate of the IHRC are „modelled after the successful approach after the tsunami in South Asia"(IHRC, 2011: 10), with specific mention of the BRR (IHRC, 2011; Bridges et al., 2010). Furthermore, as a result of globalisation and the increasing severity of disasters (thus requiring the creation of 'ad hoc' agencies), direct policy transfer between governments is all the more probable for the
Publisher: Hamburg : Diplomica Verlag, 2014
Edition: 1st ed
Copyright Date: ©2014
ISBN: 9783954896554
9783954891559
Branch Call Number: Electronic book
Characteristics: 1 online resource (100 pages)
Additional Contributors: ProQuest (Firm)

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